We shouldn’t abandon the label “extremist” for extremists

To mount an effective challenge to the casual bigotry of the dinner-table as well as the EDL and al-Muhajiroun, Baroness Warsi needs to explain who an extremist is.

According to a heavily trailed speech that Baroness Warsi is due to give later today, anti-Muslim prejudice has “passed the dinner-table test” and is now seen as normal and uncontroversial in some circles.

She will also make the interesting observation that describing Muslims as either “moderate” or “extremist” fosters growing prejudice.

Although statistics are hard to come by and anti-Muslim incidents are thought to be under-reported and under-recorded, there can be little doubt that she is correct that anti-Muslim views are becoming more widespread and more accepted in ‘polite society’.

For example, novelist Martin Amis has suggested (although he later claimed that this was a “thought experiment”):

“There’s a definite urge – don’t you have it? – to say, ‘The Muslim community will have to suffer until it gets its house in order.'”

Similarly, sometime Mail and Independent columnist Ruth Dudley Edwards has written:

“It’s time for the truth. Yes, most religions have some dangerous fundamentalist adherents, but Islam has them in enormous numbers…

“It’s time British Muslims were told unequivocally that they have responsibilities as well as rights.”

It is not hard to find examples of similarly divisive attitudes about Muslims from the likes of Rod Liddle and Melanie Phillips, doyens of the dinner party set. Yet these figures would no doubt  argue that, far from attacking all Muslims, they are only opposed to ‘extremists’, just without defining what they mean by this term or by its opposite, ‘moderates’. Even the EDL claim to be opposed only to ‘Muslim extremists’, a claim undermined by their own actions and words.

To Melanie Phillips:

“… the issue that defines true Muslim moderation is the absence of hostility towards Israel.”

This is not a measure that many would accept. The term “moderate” has also been criticised by many Muslims who object to the idea that, to avoid being extreme, Islam must somehow be adulterated, moderated or toned-down. At the other end of the spectrum, there is a tendency to consider any conservatively-dressed Muslim to be an ‘extremist’. Again, hardly a measure likely to give accurate results.

As such, Warsi’s concerns about the terms ‘moderate’ and ‘extremist’ are justified. But Warsi must beware of throwing the baby out with the bath water. The failure to accurately identify extremism and distinguish it from mainstream Muslim beliefs is also a cause of anti-Muslim bigotry.

For example, the Express ran a story about the antics of the tiny group al-Muhajiroun/Islam4UK/Muslims Against Crusades under the headline:

“Now Muslims demand full sharia law”

Even worse, this provocative headline was illustrated by a stock photograph of Muslims praying, further suggesting that “full sharia law” is the goal of all Muslims, not just a handful of extremists.

This conflation of mainstream Muslims with extremists is also seen in the ongoing tabloid commotion about the purported ‘Islamisation’ of the UK. Fuelled by rhetoric of ‘demographic time bombs‘, the argument is made that an increase in the number of Muslims (NB, not ‘extremists’, just Muslims) in the UK is having terrifying consequences for Britain’s culture, freedoms and security.

In October 2010, an editorial in the Express warned:

“This senior Muslim cleric, in charge of a large network of sharia courts, insists that men who force themselves upon their wives should have immunity from prosecution for rape.

“Perhaps this outburst will destroy once and for all the foolish notion that opposition to the creeping islamification of Britain can only be motivated by bigotry and prejudice.”

The Telegraph recently ran an editorial headlined:

“David Cameron must face the challenge of Islamisation”

And even a church magazine in Kent has stirred up controversy with an article about the ‘Islamisation’ of the UK. Such articles are grounded on the base assumption that Britain faces a threat from an increase in the country’s Muslim population, not just from extremists.

Therefore, Baroness Warsi is absolutely correct to warn about the increasing normalisation of anti-Muslim prejudice, but rejecting the term ‘extremist’ is not the solution. To mount an effective challenge to the casual bigotry of the dinner-table as well as the EDL and al-Muhajiroun, she and other politicians need to be able to explain who an extremist is and why they are unrepresentative of mainstream British Muslims.

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10 Responses to “We shouldn’t abandon the label “extremist” for extremists”

  1. Ma

    RT @leftfootfwd: We shouldn't abandon the label "extremist" for extremists: http://bit.ly/etdXII writes @GeorgeReadings

  2. georgereadings

    RT @leftfootfwd: We shouldn't abandon the label "extremist" for extremists: http://bit.ly/etdXII writes @GeorgeReadings

  3. lucyjames01

    @GeorgeReadings spot on re: Warsi and the dangers of rejecting the term 'extremist' http://tinyurl.com/64s2oma

  4. Amanda

    Anti-semitism has always been acceptable in the UK so I think Warsi can shove it.

  5. Paul

    For a woman who published a leaflet that said dropping the age of consent for homosexual activity to 16 was “allowing schoolchildren to be propositioned for homosexual relationships”, she really should get her own house in order.

    After all, its her party that has a lack of diverse representation from the Muslim community, the Labour Party is very well represented in regards to the Muslim community.

    Its also the newspapers that support the very party she is in, and this prevailing anti foreigner attitude stoked by them that have helped allow them to get a grab at power in the first place. The Mail, The Sun and The Express are all guilty of terrible anti-Muslim sentiment, and they are all very much supportive of the Conservative Party.

  6. LibertyPhile

    It is undoubtedly true that by far the greater part of the news and comment about Islam and Muslims in the British press and other media reflects badly on Islam and Muslims.

    Why?

    The simple truth is that Muslims inspired by their faith do and say a great number of things from the trivial to the very important that annoy, puzzle or repulse non-Muslims.

    Just for starters:

    “A Stranger in My Own Land”
    [I shan’t miss the abuse my priest husband received: the daubing of “Dirty white dogs” in red paint on the church door …. For four years, we lived in inner-city Birmingham, in what has been a police no-go area for 20 years.]

    “Somali women say Islamists becoming more draconian”

    “Iran arrests dozens of converts from Islam to Christianity”

    “Europe Goes Halal”
    [Muslims have the right to choose halal foods, but non-Muslims do not have the right to choose not to eat the ritually slaughtered meat]

    “Underage marriages are allowed in Islam, says Nazri”

    “This has been scientifically established”
    [Several doctors have achieved excellent results in treating impotence by having their patients grow their beards long. Interviewer: Allah be praised!]

    “Odense (Denmark): Iranian priest attacked for displaying cross”

    For liks to the above and more of the same see here; http://libertyphilewhy.blogspot.com/2011/01/this-is-why-part-3.html

  7. Ash

    I think the term ‘moderate’ hides a multitude of sins in the context of religious belief. Religious ‘moderates’ very often have views that are seen as ‘extreme’ in the context of secular, political discourse; on gay rights, for instance, mainstream/moderate religious opinion (Muslim and otherwise) often looks very much like fringe/extremist political opinion.

  8. john p Ried

    I agee with Amanda

  9. Bob

    You misunderstand Sayeeda Warsi’s point. She doesn’t reject the term “extremist” – in fact she used it throughout her speech. What she was objecting to was the idea that Muslims are divided into “extremists” and “moderates”, with the implication that only Muslims who are mild and relatively uncommited adherents of their faith are acceptable, while the remainder fall into the extremist category.

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