Greece: The game is nearly up

The longer the EU/IMF continues along its current path, the greater the chance of a second major financial catastrophe, engulfing not just Greece but much of Europe.

How many times does it have to be repeated? The Greek bailout is not about saving Greece; it is about squeezing the country enough to make sure a number of large banks who hold Greek debt (and an even larger number of banks that have lent money to them) don’t go broke.

Until recently, many northern Europeans appeared to believe Greece had been living beyond its means and therefore needed to tighten its belt – just as most Brits appear still to believe that Britain faces such a fate. But has austerity helped Greece pay its way? Not at all; austerity has only made things worse.

Before the crash of 2007-08, Greek GDP was growing at more than 5 per cent per annum. As a result of the dramatic programme of cuts agreed with the EU/IMF last year, Greek GDP has fallen 8.5% since January 2010.

As the FT’s Martin Wolf recently reported (£), when last year’s cuts were announced, the spread between German and Greek bonds was about 460 basis points (4.6%). It is now 1460 basic points. In effect, Greece has been locked out of the world’s private financial market. The country’s debt-to-GDP ratio is now 160% and rising.

The Greek Parliament has now approved the latest €28bn austerity package demanded by the EU/IMF in order for them to disburse an extra €12bn in funding which Greece needs to get through the next month without defaulting. But this package, which survived a second Parliamentary vote last night, is so deeply unpopular that it seems unlikely to be fully implemented.

As protesters are now chanting on the streets:

“First they robbed us, now they have sold us.”

Even if it were fully implemented, the package would merely deepen the Greek recession making it even less likely that the debt-to-GDP ratio will fall.

Nor does the latest French ‘Brady-bond’ proposal really fit the bill. While lengthening the maturity on Greek debt to 20-30 years and establishing a fund to guarantee its repayment may be a good idea in principle, there are several problems with the plan.

First, it covers only a relatively small proportion of Greek sovereign debt; secondly, it is unlikely to satisfy the private banks (Deutsche Bank has already criticised it) and, most important, even if accepted ‘voluntarily’ by the banks, the rating agencies may still consider Greece to be in default. See P Jenkins and R Milne, ‘EU “Brady bonds” plan for Greece’, FT (£).

Is there any way out? Basically, there are two possible paths.

The first is for the EU/IMF to keep pouring money into Greece, in essence buying time for private banks to reduce and write off their debts. Once this is done and assuming ordinary Greeks can be squeezed for several more years, Greece will be allowed to default. The problem here is twofold.

First, will the speed with which the ECB, the IMF and the ESF (European Stability Facility, which starts working in 2013) buy up debt be enough to prevent a Greek political meltdown? Remember that if the Papandreou government falls, the opposition leader Mr Samaras has said he will reject EU/IMF conditionality. The second problem is that outright default might lead to Greece leaving the euro, and a return to a (rapidly falling) drachma would leave the country facing high inflation, falling real wages, and an even higher debt mountain.

There is another possible outcome – although it would require an astonishing u-turn on the part of the EU/IMF. The alternative is for all or most of Greek sovereign debt to be ‘forgiven’, for the German, French (and Greek) banks to be recapitalised, and for Greece to receive enough assistance to bring its social and economic infrastructure up to a level which would help ‘crowd in’ private investment and restore its economy to health. This is the ‘Marshall Plan’ scenario, if you will.

I can hear the reader object that pigs are more likely to fly; but the longer the EU/IMF continues along its current foolish path, the greater the chance of a second major financial catastrophe which would engulf not just Greece but much of Europe.

18 Responses to “Greece: The game is nearly up”

  1. Knut Cayce

    Greece: The game is nearly up //bit.ly/kezP6g writes George Irvin, @gwi40 #Greece #Bailout

  2. Knut Cayce

    RT @leftfootfwd: Greece: The game is nearly up //t.co/t2dcbnk

  3. Extradition Game

    RT @leftfootfwd: Greece: The game is nearly up //bit.ly/kezP6g writes George Irvin, @gwi40 #Greece #Bailout #NewsClub

  4. John Lever

    RT @leftfootfwd: Greece: The game is nearly up //t.co/XuQg5cL

  5. Isobel waby

    RT @leftfootfwd: Greece: The game is nearly up //t.co/6tN4mfo

  6. Clive Burgess

    Greece: The game is nearly up //bit.ly/kezP6g writes George Irvin, @gwi40 #Greece #Bailout

  7. Len Arthur

    Greece: The game is nearly up //bit.ly/kezP6g writes George Irvin, @gwi40 #Greece #Bailout

  8. chris paling

    Greece: The game is nearly up //bit.ly/kezP6g writes George Irvin, @gwi40 #Greece #Bailout

  9. Robin Wilson

    RT @leftfootfwd: Greece: The game is nearly up //t.co/jqeDqTj

  10. Michael

    Greece: The game is nearly up l Left Foot Forward – //tinyurl.com/6b79bmf

  11. corinthino

    Greece: The game is nearly up //bit.ly/kezP6g writes George Irvin, @gwi40 #Greece #Bailout

  12. Ray_North

    I agree, the Greek’s are screwed whichever way – this way simply postpones what looks like an inevitable bankruptcy without offering any attempt to stimulate their economy in any way – the better way would have been for a foreceful restructuring of their debt and to use the loans for some kind of investment.
    This article by George East, puts it very succinctly – //www.allthatsleft.co.uk/2011/06/greece-what-happens-now/

  13. Christos Syllas

    RT @leftfootfwd: Greece: The game is nearly up //t.co/7VTlroX

  14. andrewlivanis

    RT @csyllas: RT @leftfootfwd: Greece: The game is nearly up //t.co/7VTlroX

  15. Sotirios

    The Greeks got themselves in the position they’re in today and they deserve anything that comes their way. They were not governed by a military junta and their debt is not in any way odious. Their Governments succesively and collectively contributed to creating the elephant the other Europeans realised is in the room only last year. But the Greeks voted for their Governments themselves and did nothing to change mentalities that were clearly very wrong, because they were promised the impossible by their politicians and it suited them too much to realise those promises’ impossibility. Now some of them have realised how bad things have become, and everyone is angry at being inconvenienced and losing their priviledges and a good part of their income. But the vast majority of them never deserved any of it in the first place.
    Before anyone goes on saying I don’t know what I’m talkign about, I am Greek and I left Greece 10 years ago. I left in my early 20s because I realised I couldn’t ever live and work there. Greece is a horribly corrupt place where everyone is tax-dodging to the greatest possible extent and nothing run by the State works anywhere near an acceptable level of efficiency. To my young eyes, they were living off an unsustainable gravy train that was clearly based on accumulating a huge mountain of debt.
    I now work in Scotland and I am proud to have never stolen a penny off anyone, be it a person, an organisation or the state. I have achieved much more than I’d ever have achieved in Greece by playing by the book. I am proud to be paying my taxes and NI and I want to see my money spent and put back into the society.
    I do get a little cross when I see part of it abused and wasted, but in no way is the UK anywhere near Greece’s situation. The UK is a serious country and the State has far more control over finances and tax collection than Greece does. The UK may have financial issues, but it can survive and keep on the surface. The people themselves are far more disciplined. Maybe they have it a little too easy at times, but they are good people you can rely on. The modern Greeks can’t organise a p*ssup in an ouzo distillery; they would get themselves in exactly the same situation in a couple of decades, even if all their debts were written off tomorrow. Greece needs drastic changes and most measures they are trying to implement today should had been implemented decades ago. But -most importantly- they need to change their mentality towards the State. And I don’t trust them to do that because I know them too well. They are self-centred, strongly opinionated, arrogant and very bad team players. They should have never been allowed into the EU and the euro.

  16. LOL

    Sotirios are you serious? If there were several options for you to vote for, wouldnt you vote for the best offer? Would you think “oohh this sounds to good to be true, i dont want that” or “oohh this is too good for me to deserve it” your post is pathetic

  17. Richard

    As Stiglitz said, when the IMF enters a country, its first job is to make sure the banks get paid.

  18. Judgement day approaches for the eurozone | Left Foot Forward

    […] Greece: The game is nearly up – George Irvin, July 1st 2011 Share | Permalink | Leave a comment Comments […]

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