Clegg’s Bill is undemocratic and partisan

Nick Clegg's Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Bill was published yesterday. It removes local control and contains carve outs for Lib Dem MPs.

Our guest writer is John Costello

Nick Clegg’s Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Bill was published yesterday. Far from ushering a new era that puts “power in the hands of citizens, rather than politicians“, the legislation removes local control and contains carve outs for Lib Dem MPs.

In his first speech as Deputy Prime Minister, Nick Clegg spoke, of how he had:

“spent my whole political life fighting to open up politics … This government is going to transform our politics so the state has far less control over you, and you have far more control over the state …

“This government is going to break up concentrations of power and hand power back to people, because that is how we build a society that is fair.”

How ironic, then, that Clegg’s new Bill seeks to abolish public inquiries into Boundary Commission proposals. A system that has depended on transparency for its legitimacy is being replaced with a top-down, unaccountable and opaque process that locks the public out of deliberations and stops them seeing what is being done to the boundaries where they live until it is too late.

In order to complete his boundary review by 2013 – necessary, he says, to leave time to select candidates for the 2015 election – Clegg has not only taken away the public’s right to openly challenge Boundary Commission decisions; he has also effectively excluded millions of people from the mathematical calculations that will shape the new, shrunken 600 seat House of Commons. That is because there is no time between now and December, when the review begins, to do anything significant about registering the millions of eligible voters who are missing from the electoral roll.

As well as being undemocratic, the bill is shamelessly partisan.

It excludes two seats from the arithmetic rules that will be forced upon the Boundary Commissions. The Western Isles (SNP) and the Orkney and Shetland Islands (Lib Dem) are exempted from the need to meet new quotas because they have too few electors.

But in practice other seats are spared by special “geographical exemptions” that appear to have been devised with Lib Dem seats in the Scottish Highlands in mind. The Bill states that no seat can be enlarged beyond 13,000 square kilometres. Alongside that, tucked away in Schedule 2, Rule 4(2), is a previously unmentioned exemption that, in addition to the 13,000 sq km limit, constituencies larger than 12,000 sq km are freed from the need to hit the quota of registered electors.

Charles Kennedy’s constituency is some 25,000 electors short of the proposed quota, and should really be in danger of abolition and break up. But it happens to be over 12,000 sq km square kilometres in size.

But this is not just about Kennedy’s seat. While the 12,000 sq km rule saves him, the 13,000 sq km limit may help to save his Lib Dem neighbour, John Thurso MP, who represents the most northern mainland seat – Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross. That seat only has around 50,000 electors and is under 12,000 sq km.

But its geographical position means it has nowhere to expand other than into Kennedy’s seat, which the size rule would prevent. So he would in effect be saved too. Something similar could happen with Argyll and Bute – another Lib Dem seat to the south of Mr Kennedy.

A question Nick Clegg’s team must answer is whether these rules were put in place to make it possible to hang on to a whole host of Lib Dem seats that, if mathematical purity was applied, ought to be lost.

The problem with clever, clever plans like these is that they can easily fall apart, especially when the Boundary Commission actually come to do the sums and draw the lines. It may be that they are simply unable to reconcile the mathematical formula with the geographical exemptions without producing boundaries of such bizarre shapes and sizes that they would turn the process into a mockery.

But since the Lib Dems want to abolish the right to hold public inquiries, we won’t know the true extent of the mess until it is too late to stop it.

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21 Responses to “Clegg’s Bill is undemocratic and partisan”

  1. Symon Turner

    RT @leftfootfwd: Clegg's bill is undemocratic and partisan

  2. R-Dev

    Certainly the proposals are largely undemocratic, with the reduction in the number of MP’s and the failure to register excluded voters very worrying. Yet the seats named are sparsely populated and incredibly large. To increase them would only present the MP’s for those seats with incredible logistical problems, leading to poorer representation. Lib Dems tend to win seats in such areas yet I believe it is due to their size and nature, not their party choice of MP that is the reasoning behind the decision.

  3. Mr. Sensible

    Nick Clegg ought not to dress this up as ‘cutting the cost of politics’ either; it is a false economy.

    This will increase the workload of those MPs who are left, which will in time lead to calls for them to be allowed to pay for more staff.

    And as this article highlights the registration issue, forget timing and logistics, Clegg hasn’t said anything meaningful about how to increase registration; the only thing he’s come up with is making it compulsory, which is already the case.

  4. cim

    “That is because there is no time between now and December, when the review begins, to do anything significant about registering the millions of eligible voters who are missing from the electoral roll.”

    That’s really not true. Grab a bunch of voter registration forms, go door to door in the evenings, mail the completed forms back to the local Council. There’s six months, which is considerably more time than it takes political parties in a constituency to go door-to-door when canvassing. Local political parties who feel that they would be disadvantaged by the uncounted potential voters have plenty of time to do a voter registration drive before December.

    The parties have access to the unedited electoral register, so they can work out at which addresses people are registered and at which they aren’t, so they can focus on under-registered areas, which should make things even more efficient.

  5. Mr. Sensible

    Cim, we already have the anual canvas process every September.

    So I somehow doubt that would work.

    I think that we should have roling registration, where people register once but don’t have to do so again unless their details change.

    That, in my view, is the best way to keep people registered.

  6. Sean Sayer

    RT @leftfootfwd: Clegg's bill is undemocratic and partisan

  7. cim

    There’s a difference between the local Council sending out a form (and maybe a second one if they get no reply) which can get lost, or forgotten, or ignored – and party activists actually going around encouraging and helping people to register.

    There are much better ways, I agree – many countries manage largely without a formal electoral registration process by using existing databases of citizens to pick up 99% of the eligible voters – but for now it’s not true that there’s nothing that can be done if parties that feel threatened by under-registration want to do so.

  8. Robster

    RT @leftfootfwd: Clegg's Bill is undemocratic and partisan

  9. Mike

    I suppor PR – additional member regional top up

    but this AV is a joke

  10. Edward Carlsson Browne

    The 12,000 sq km rule is certainly a Lib Dem gerrymander, but it’s not impossible to fit Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross in without tearing apart Ross, Skye and Lochaber.

    Just take the bit around Cromarty Firth from Kennedy and give it to Thurso, then let his constituency extend into Inverness.

    Alexander in turn can have his constituency shifted south-eastwards.

    All it needs is a Boundary Commission willing to radically redraw boundaries, incumbents be damned. Which, admittedly, is where my argument falls apart a little.

  11. anyleftiwonder

    Nick Clegg – Shameful .

  12. John Ruddy

    Yes, its Nick 'Gerrymander' Clegg RT @leftfootfwd: Clegg's Bill is undemocratic and partisan

  13. Jeevan Rai

    RT @jruddy99: Yes, its Nick 'Gerrymander' Clegg RT @leftfootfwd: Clegg's Bill is undemocratic and partisan

  14. Peter Roberts

    RT @jruddy99: Yes, its Nick 'Gerrymander' Clegg RT @leftfootfwd: Clegg's Bill is undemocratic and partisan

  15. Liam McKee

    RT @ jruddy99 Yes, its Nick 'Gerrymander' Clegg RT @leftfootfwd: Clegg's Bill is undemocratic and partisan #condem

  16. Steve

    1. The people who are not on the electoral roll are not there through their own choice.

    2. Nothing stops them registering if they want to. Clearly they don’t.

    3. in the light of 1. and 2.; why are you loosing any sleep over them?

  17. John77

    Edward Carlsson Browne is right but unambitious.
    Give the whole of Ross to Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross; merge the rest of Skye and Lochaber (which were part of Inverness-shire) with Inverness and Nairn, transferring Badenoch and Strathspey into Moray.
    A second move starts with the undersized Banff and Buchan constituency that needs to absorb a chunk of Gordon; a second chunk is transferred to the undersized Aberdeen north and the rest is merged with Aberdeenshire West which loses a chunk to the undersized Aberdeen South and Kincardineshire to Angus.
    You find it fun to call Clegg “undemocratic and partisan” but if you want to call yourself an “evidence-based blog” it might be an idea to look at the evidence first!
    Why not look at the problem of Ynys Mon aka Anglesey? Or at the batch of safe Labour seats in South Wales many of which have smaller electorates that Ross, Skye and Lochaber and less than half that of the Isle of Wight?
    “undemocrastic and partisan” describes the instructions that New Labour gave the boundary commission far more than it does Clegg

  18. Mr. Sensible

    Steve, the point is that with those people missing there are questions about how equal the new boundries actually are.

    And as I have said before, if you do not register I believe you could be fined and it could effect your credit history.

  19. Rich Watts

    Hmm, not just a revisionist but a hypocrite too: #iblamenick

  20. Will Straw

    @thistlejohn Wrong. Half the bill is about unprincipled boundary changes

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