Report blows away major claims of the anti-immigration lobby

What's being under reported is the extent to which it blows out the water some major claims of the anti-immigration lobby.

Migration uk-JPEG

What’s being under reported is the extent to which it blows out the water some major claims of the anti-immigration lobby

BBC News is running today with a story that low-skilled workers are “at risk of exploitation because of lax labour laws, a report has warned”.

The report they are referring to is by the government’s Migration Advisory Committee and came out this morning.

The BBC is leading with, as mentioned, fears about employers exploiting the low paid and the need to properly “manage” further EU expansion.

No prizes for guessing how this will be interpreted by the right-wing press tomorrow.

Certainly it’s sensible to address any concerns that have come up in the Committee’s investigation, but what’s being under reported is the extent to which the report blows out of the water some bread and butter claims of the anti-immigration lobby.

Aside from the negativity you will hear from the media in the coming days, the report also found that:

Benefit tourism is largely a myth

About 15 per cent of the UK-born working-age population claimed out-of-work benefits in February 2013. The claim rate for migrants was 6 per cent – less than half the UK level. Jobseekers Allowance (JSA) and Employment Support Allowance (ESA) were the main benefits claimed by migrants (between 65 per cent and 82 per cent of the total).

Immigrant households were also “significantly less likely to live in social housing than comparable British households”, according to the report:

“Immigrants, in the raw data, are a little more likely than the UK-born to be in social housing. But there is considerable heterogeneity among immigrants. EEA nationals are less likely than British nationals to be in social housing. By contrast, non-EEA nationals and migrants who are now UK citizens are more likely than British nationals to be in social housing.”

EU migrants pay more into the pot than their British counterparts

Recent migrants from both the EEA and non-EEA have made a positive contribution to the public finances, the report says, once again rebutting the myth that migrants are somehow a ‘drain’ on the economy. The report found that:

“EEA migrants arriving since 2001 made a positive net fiscal contribution of £2,732 per person per year, while non-EEA migrants who arrived before 2001 were net debtors at minus £2,198 per person per year. Overall, on a per person per year basis, migrants cost the public finances £978, almost identical to the UK-born population who cost £1,087.”

Migrant tablej

Migrants aren’t ‘stealing our jobs’

The report found that youth unemployment has little to do with immigration. There is “little evidence to support the idea that the recent deterioration in the youth labour market was a direct consequence of increased competition for jobs following the inflow of migrant workers”. It says:

“Between 1997 and 2013, the numbers working in low-skilled occupations remained roughly the same. A 1.1 million decrease in UK born employment was offset by a 1.1 million increase in migrant employment…….but this should not be interpreted as migrants displacing UK-born workers on a one-for-one basis. A 2million increase in employment of UK-born in high skilled jobs more than offset this.”

Migrants working in low-paid jobs were also largely concentrated in a small number of local authorities, the report says. It found no evidence that employers were choosing migrant workers ahead of British-born workers, saying that this perception was probably due to migrants being on average more highly skilled. Some employers did however perceive migrants to have a better work ethic:

“When the work on offer is temporary, or seasonal, or unpleasant and with unsociable hours, some employers reported to us that UK workers were seen as less reliable than migrants, unable to sustain the pace of work required, less willing to work unsociable shifts, and had very high attrition rates.”

Read the summary report, and the full report.

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14 Responses to “Report blows away major claims of the anti-immigration lobby”

  1. David McKendrick

    UK Citizens who leave the UK for more than 3 months are no longer entitled to free NHS treatment but many of these ex-pats return to UK for free NHS treatment then leave again. These people are rarely asked to pay for their hospital treatment but they are by far the most numerous NHS tourists.

  2. treborc1

    That depends on who is leaving and for what reason, I’m disabled if I leave the UK to live in France or any EU country my benefits still come from the UK because I paid my stamps up, I can claim ESA and DLA although I cannot get the mobility of the DLA of PIP’s, if I then return to the UK I will still get treatment from the NHS

  3. David McKendrick

    Ooops, sorry. I should have said that if the UK Citizen leaves EU.
    They retire abroad (outside EU) and when they become ill they say they have resettled in UK until the treatment is over, then bugger off back to their retirement village abroad.

  4. itdoesntaddup

    One French banker with a large bonus will boost the average returns for EU immigrants. It is wrong to consider the average position, when there is clearly a big spread. Obviously we don’t let in enough US bankers to offset the costs of the low earning non EU immigrants. If you wish to consider the economic impact of individuals, you must do that individually (or at least by considering groups of people of similar economic impact), not by hiding it by lumping them with a whole lot of other people with a very different impact.

    The impact of immigration on benefits is at least in part that UK nationals have been displaced from the workforce by immigrant labour. It is an indictment of the education system that foreign workers are often preferred to British ones.

    The report also suffers from ignoring the known problems with the data on immigration. I don’t think it proves anything much when it ignores 346,000 A8 nationals now reckoned to have escaped the statisticians.

  5. joames

    No. They paid into the system their entire lives and have a degree of entitlement.

    Since they are retired and not earning, they wouldn’t pay anything anyhow.

    Expats who are working in Germany etc. are paying into the German system and would have no reason to return to the UK for health services.

  6. BenM_Kent

    Do you people read?

    “The impact of immigration on benefits is at least in part that UK nationals have been displaced from the workforce by immigrant labour.”

    The report specifically states this doesn’t happen.

    “It is an indictment of the education system that foreign workers are often preferred to British ones.”

    Evidence is needed for this assertion. In the real world employers will readily employ natives if they are available. There is no preference for foreign workers at all.

  7. David McKendrick

    Nevertheless these are the people that account for the majority of the “Health tourists” described by David Cameron. I agree that they have paid in for many years but since they are not resident in the UK they are not “entitled” to free care so they show up in the figures. Those still resident in EU are still entitled to free care via the European Health Card so if they were in Germany they could get free treatment there and return to UK still entitled to free NHS.

  8. itdoesntaddup

    Evidently you don’t read. I have looked at the full report.

    4.8 Academic attainment, work experience and soft skills all play a role in determining a young person’s access to employment and training opportunities. Basic qualifications, especially English and Maths, are important for their employment prospects. Evidence from Wolf (2011) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)’s adult skills survey suggest that the skills of young people in these areas are placing them at a disadvantage in today’s labour market.

    4.9 Therefore, there are a range of factors which may hinder young natives in
    the UK labour market for low-skilled jobs, and may put them at a disadvantage if competing with migrants.

    Also see Table 4.1 which show quite clearly that foreign workers have gained at the expense of UK ones in low skilled occupations. This is supplemented by the further data showing high labour force participation rates for lower skill A8 nationals, and a deterioration for UK lower skill nationals. Things may be OK for the middle classes with degrees, but that is not the case for the less skilled.

  9. Leon Wolfeson

    No, of course they don’t. They might think, and that might damage a perfectly good dogma.

  10. Leon Wolfeson

    The rules are that they are not entitled. They are showing up in the statistics as a result, and this is then being blamed on the “immigrant”!

  11. Guest

    “at the expense”

    Inference which does not have any data behind it. You’re cherry-picking to support your dogma.

  12. Guest

    Ah yes, “reckoned”…i.e. you’re making it up.

    And of course you exempt your 1% from the myths, THEY have to be free to travel after all, even after you’ve blocked everyone else from crossing that border!

    Keep chanting the hate lies about replacement, and that YOU prefer to hire on nationality and not skills, well…

    No end to the myths you’ll chant.

  13. itdoesntaddup

    Perhaps you should consider the views of Frank Field MP

    http://blogs.spectator.co.uk/coffeehouse/2014/07/the-government-must-address-the-effect-of-mass-immigration-on-poorer-voters/

    I suspect he has a rather clearer insight.

  14. Guest

    He’s just been the architect of the disasterous welfare plan which has wasted so many billions on companies and shafted poor people,

    I take his “views” at about the same level as the Mail’s.

    Moreover, I take evidence before any opinion. That he sees people as “lower classes” says SO much, as the article ignores the evidence and rants on the same old “blame the immigrant” game.

    More, I fully believe that he’s talking about dropping wages again – sharply. It fits his policies.

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