Three things we disagreed with Mandela on

Be in no doubt, Mandela was a great man. But nobody is perfect; and one of the tenets of political maturity is recognising that even the greatest political figures have their flaws.

It’s tempting even when those of questionable repute die to turn off one’s critical faculties and adopt a wholly pious stance toward the deceased. With a titanic figure like Nelson Mandela, it’s almost impossible to do anything else, such were the achievements of the man.

That said, elevating human beings – even human beings as great as Nelson Mandela – to saint-like status paints a false picture. Mandela had his faults like anyone else. It just so happened that his achievements were so vast as to cast a long shadow over those faults to the point that they were barely visible.

Be in no doubt, Mandela was a great man – an ‘African titan’ as one of our writers put it last night. But nobody is perfect; and one of the tenets of political maturity is recognising that even the greatest political figures have their flaws.

In that spirit, here are three things with disagreed with Mandela on.

He embraced privatisation and didn’t do enough about economic inequality

Despite promising a wave of nationalisations before it came to power in 1994, in power the ANC embarked on a programme of mass privatisation,and embraced policies recommended by the IMF and World Bank. In a nod to the former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, on taking office in 1994 Mandela proclaimed “Privatization is the fundamental policy of our government. Call me a Thatcherite, if you will.”

Under Mandela inequality grew and by the time he decided not to stand for President in 1999 unemployment was burgeoning. Today many of the inequalities of the Apartheid era still exist. According South Africa’s biggest trade union to Cosatu, 98 percent of whites but only 27 percent of blacks had access to clean water in their homes by 2001. According to a 2011 Census, almost a third of South Africans live below the breadline.

He has a questionable relationship with dictators

Mandela’s warm relationship with Cuban leader Fidel Castro is perhaps understandable. Castro sent thousands of troops to Angola in the 70s and 80s in support of the liberation of Angola by the country’s national liberation movement against other movements backed by the CIA and South African troops. The victory of the black Cuban army against white South African troops was highly symbolic, and drove a nail in to the pernicious myth of white superiority that Apartheid was built on. This is why Cuba was one of the very first countries Mandela visited as President.

Unfortunately, Mandela was close to far more unsavoury figures than the Cuban dictator. Two of the ANC’s biggest donors during Mandela’s rule were Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and President Suharto of Indonesia. Suharto, who invaded East Timor as President of Indonesia leading to the deaths of 100,000 people, was awarded a 21-gun salute and The Order of Good Hope – two of South Africa’s highest honours.

He left the ANC unreformed

Despite winning all four elections since 1994, in recent years the ANC has become little more than a vehicle for the personal enrichment of a small clique of politicians. In the process the party has become increasingly detached from the travails of the black working class. This was epitomised by the incident last year in which the police massacred striking miners at the Lonmin platinum mine and then tried to blame peaceful protesters for the deaths of their comrades.

John Kane-Berman, the head of the South African Institute of Race Relations, claims that the ANC “operates with Soviet-style democratic centralism”. “Zuma has restored the superiority of the party over the state that had faltered under (his predecessor) Thabo Mbeki,” he said.

This had led previous high profile supporters of the ANC to distance themselves from what it has become. South African Nobel laureate Desmond Tutu has said he would no longer vote for the ruling ANC after “the way things have gone”. “The things we have voted for or against have been a disgrace. It has been a total betrayal of our whole tradition,” he said.

Former ANC secretary-general Kgalema Motlanthe was quoted in 2007 as saying the following: “This rot is across the board. It’s not confined to any level or any area of the country. Almost every project is conceived because it offers opportunities for certain people to make money.”

Elsewhere on Left Foot Forward

Nelson Mandela: 1918 – 2013: an African titan

Mandela’s legacy across the nations

Nelson Mandela: a life in quotes

21 Responses to “Three things we disagreed with Mandela on”

  1. S.r. Williams

    Don’t forget his alliances with Mugabe and Gerry Adams. And the fact he sold arms to war torn countries (plus during his presidency he ignored the spread of aids). (And his presidential campaign was bankrolled by Colonel Gaddafi).

  2. ETAN

    Mandela did intervene with Suharto in support of East Timor, including demanding a meeting with the imprisoned Timorese leader. The meeting was held outside the prison.

  3. swatnan

    His greatest achievement as President was ensuring a smooth transition under democracy.
    Whether SA can maintain stability remains to be seen, or will it go the way of all Africa, and end up in a military coup, and a puppet civilian govt. There’s troubles ahead for the ANC.

  4. S.r. Williams

    And we musn’t forget that South Africa is now a de facto one party state under the ANC (Mandela did NOT found a democracy).

  5. Matthew Blott

    South Africa has many political parties and the ANC gets more votes than anyone else so they get to govern. That is not how it works in China or Cuba. You are clearly an idiot.

  6. me

    ACTUALLY HE BROUGHT AIDS INTO THE OPEN …HIS SON DIED OF AIDS .. LEARN YOUR FACTS…….. AND LISTEN TO THE MANY ACTS HE DID THAT HE NEVER PUT ON THE FRONT PAGES,,,, HE ASKED FOR NO ATTENTION ..HE WAS MUCH OLDER AND VERY INJURED WHEN HE BECAME PRESIDENT… HIS MAIN WORRY WAS AVOIDING A BLOODBATH …. HE DID THAT… HE WAS CRUELLY TREATED BY “WINNIE” HE HAD MANY HANGING ON HIS COAT TAILS …… HE DID THE BEST HE COULD ,,, HE FREED A BLACK PEOPLE FROM WHITE OPPRESSION ,,,,,,

  7. brossen99

    Current South Africa epitomises a Corporate-Nazi dictatorship !

  8. BH

    Are any of you even from South Africa?

  9. swatnan

    Are any of you even socialists?

  10. Psychjim

    Whilst I accept that he made some mistakes (which he, himself admitted), the problems in many African countries are Western in origin. To attract cash, many weaker economies fall victim to corporate pressure to reduce their tax levels leading to a ‘race to the bottom’, resulting in many African countries offering zero-rate taxation for “overseas investments”. These become no more than tax havens for the super-rich. For the leaders of these countries, the rhetoric would seem very seductive. Hayek’s ideology CAN sound very plausible for the economic illiterate. Over time, the flaws in the theory become evident. But usually too late to avoid serious damage. For us, the Thatcher/Reagan ministry of Hayek has resulted in the current problems we’re experiencing which have arrived at a slower rate because we started at a higher level of wealth – obtained through the Empire, Slavery and Industrialisation. We also had a relatively mature political system – almost a democracy. Right now, we’re heading back into the Victorian Right Libertarian economic system, but without the manufacturing base of the industrial era! (That’s all been shipped out to Third World countries who’s labourforce are suffering as ours did before the Chartaris movement.) To many African leaders, being told that money would lead to jobs must be very seductive. Then to be isolated from the struggles of the masses by the comforts of wealth blinkers leaders. The next generation of ANC leaders are no different to the (so-called) next generation proletariat Russians who supported Lenin. They create the KGP and keep “order” with violence and intimidation. Lenin is pushed to one side and Stalin, effectively, crowns himself “king”. The greatest thing about Mandela, for me, is the fact that he WAS flawed. That makes him human, and from that we can all learn!

  11. ThisIsTheEnd

    This is a really stupid comment.

  12. ThisIsTheEnd

    Points 1 and 3 are legitimate criticisims. Point 2 is trivial in the larger scheme of things

  13. Cole

    So presumably you were an enthusiast for apartheid?

  14. Cole

    Clearly a malicious idiot.

  15. Cole

    In the aparteid era we always used to be told we shouldn’t criticise apartheid ‘because you haven’t been there’. Strangely, the same argument didn’t apply to the Soviet Union.

  16. Aaron Aarons

    They already have a puppet government. It’s a puppet of South African and foreign capital.

  17. Aaron Aarons

    Gerry Adams, Robert Mugabe, and Nelson Mandela all made deals with their former enemies at the expense of their base. In Mugabe’s case, he eventually broke that deal, the Lancaster House agreement, but only after two decades of continued white ownership of the land taken by force from Africans.

  18. Aaron Aarons

    He didn’t free a Black people from white oppression. He changed, or help to change, the superficial form of that oppression, so that the main managers of Black oppression, or at least the ones publicly visible, also have black skin.

  19. Aaron Aarons

    If Gaddafi bankrolled any ANC’s electoral campaigns, it just goes to show how flimsy his (Gaddafi’s) anti-imperialism was.

  20. Aaron Aarons

    There are no parties in Cuban elections. The Communist Party does not run candidates, although I presume a majority of those who run and of those who are elected are members of that party, while some are not, just as is the case with the imperialist Democratic Party in most non-partisan U.S. local elections.

    Considering the magnitude of the external threats to the people of Cuba compared to the minuscule such threats to pro-ruling-class persons in the U.S., Cuba has done a far better job of avoiding extreme repression in the face of such threats than the United Snakes has.

  21. SENDENI

    RACE OBSESSION IS GOING TO KILL YOU. WHATCH OUT, THERE IS A REVOLUTION AT OUR DOOR STEP.

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