If it's not wholesale prices or green levies that are causing such large spikes in the retail price, then what is?
Predictably, they blamed higher wholesale energy and infrastructure costs – plus the extra green levies imposed by the government.
“External costs are driving our prices increase…We are not raising them in anticipation of a price freeze,” said external affairs director at Npower Guy Johnson.
We’ve already dealt with the question of whether green levies are to blame for price rises, so for the moment we’ll look at wholesale energy prices.
Unquestionably over the longer term the increasing price wholesale energy has had an upwards impact on bills: in the last eight years energy bills have risen by £520, and the Committee on Climate Change blames this on the rising price of gas (over the same period measures to support low carbon technologies have added just £30).
But this doesn’t account for the recent price hikes.
As smaller energy supplier OVO points out on its website, the most expensive price it paid for wholesale gas in the last four years was in May 2011 – since then the price has come down. As the founder of the company Stephen Fitzpatrick put it during yesterday’s Energy and Climate Change Committee:
“the point we are trying to enforce is that prices right now are fairly similar to levels two years ago…Since then it has been below 72p a therm for this winter, last winter and next winter. We are buying gas for next winter at a current price of 69p a therm.” (therefore massive hikes this year cannot be justified).
The below graph shows recent wholesale price fluctuations in the price of gas.
Wholesale gas price
As you can see, wholesale prices have gradually come down since peaking in April and are now in line with prices two years ago, as the below graph shows – the price of gas is around 70 p/therm in both October 2011 and October 2013.
And yet the price that customers pay for energy has gone up and up and up during the last two years, along with the profits of the big energy firms: profits at the Big Six have increased by 74 per cent in the past two years. There has also been a flurry of recent price rises:
Last week Scottish Power (SP) announced that would be putting up the price of its gas by an average of 8.5 per cent and electric by 9 per cent from 6 December.
Npower announced last week that it would be putting up energy bills by 10.4 per cent from 1 December – the highest price rise so far by any supplier.
Energy company SSE announced two weeks ago that it would be raising electricity and gas prices by an average of 8.2 per cent from 15 November.
Earlier this monthBritish Gas announced that bills would go up by an average of 9.2 per cent for 8 million customers from November 23.
If it’s not wholesale prices or green levies that are causing such large spikes in the retail price, then what is?
As Mr Fitzpatrick put it yesterday:
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“It looks to me like a lot of energy companies – a significant number of the big six – are charging the maximum price they feel they can get away with to customers they feel will not switch under any circumstances.”