The government’s got big plans for workfare – don’t expect them to back down easily

Izzy Koksal details the government’s overall plans for workfare, and shows that they have no intention of backing down without a fight.


Despite great progress against workfare, the government has more in store for young people; Izzy Koksal investigates the Youth Contract, aka ‘workfare youth’

Workfare is a word the government wishes would just go away. It is two weeks now since the infamous Tesco advert, offering ‘Job Seekers Allowance plus benefits’ working nightshifts, provoked public outrage which rained down on Tesco’s Twitter and Facebook accounts.

This anger swiftly moved on to target other high street stores taking on forced unpaid labour for benefits, also known as workfare.

Public pressure has resulted in numerous high street stores dropping out of the government’s workfare schemes.

As the government attempt a damage limitation exercise to rescue their failing schemes – which also seems to involve Iain Duncan Smith attempting to intimidate peaceful protesters – the issue is one that they will find hard to shake off.

This April the government’s Youth Contract will be launched – but rather than creating any jobs for young people, it is another round of workfare.

After Nick Clegg’s betrayal of young people with the raising of university fees and the scrapping of the Education Maintenance Allowance, not to mention his contemptuous and insulting comments about young people “sitting at home” last week, he is surely the last person any young person would want to sign any sort of contract with.

Yet this has not deterred the deputy prime minister. who last November announced his £1 billion Youth Contract scheme to tackle youth unemployment, which currently stands at 1.02 million – meaning one in five young people are not in employment, education or training.

The three-year scheme starting in April this year will provide at least 410,000 new work places for 18-24 year olds; however, despite all the hype, the youth contract is nothing new – rather it is simply the bolstering of three existing schemes, apprenticeships, the Work Programme, and Work Experience, all of which have raised significant concerns, particularly the latter two for their use of workfare.

The Youth Contract, then, is an expansion of the use of workfare in high street stores, as well as charities and public bodies. This is yet another betrayal of today’s youth.

Workfare is wrong for a number of moral and practical reasons.

Forcing someone to work against their will for no pay is clearly wrong. The Human Rights Act enshrines this idea, stating: “No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour.” Furthermore, as the TUC noted in their 2010 Final Agenda: “Compulsory workfare schemes are in contradiction to the notion of welfare rights.”

Finding oneself unemployed is not a desirable situation and therefore benefits are there to support people at this time. To force them to work in order to receive their benefits is to punish someone for a situation over which they had little control.

On a more practical level, workfare simply does not work.

A DWP report (pdf) confirms this, stating:

“There is little evidence that workfare increases the likelihood of finding work.”

The report states:

“[The] workfare approach is least effective… in weak labour markets.”

The emphasis on making the individual ‘more employable’ is made redundant when nationwide there are four people for every job vacancy, with this number increasing dramatically in some hotspot areas.

Indeed, there are arguments that workfare may even make the person less employable, as forced labour is not exactly a positive addition to the job seekers’ CV while also reducing the time they have to job search. Workfare distracts from the structural causes of unemployment. It may even contribute to unemployment as paid employees are gradually replaced by workfare labour.

Yet, despite the compelling moral arguments against workfare, the strong evidence that the approach is utterly ineffective, and the public outrage it has provoked, the coalition government are intent on rolling it out further through the youth contract.

Both the work experience and work programme schemes enforce workfare. Despite the DWP referring to participants in the work experience scheme as ‘volunteers’ the scheme is listed by Citizens Advice as a ‘compulsory scheme’.

Furthermore, the DWP has admitted that once a job seeker has ‘expressed an interest’ in a work experience placement they must work without pay, with a one week grace period during which they can escape, for up to eight weeks, or else lose their benefit.

These work experience placements in Holland and Barrett, Asda, and HMV, to name but a few, involve unstructured, arduous, repetitive work with unpaid workers doing identical jobs to paid workers. However, these unpaid workers also find themselves given the worst jobs that no one else wants to do.

There is no guarantee of a job at the end, only an interview and the unpaid workers must still actively seek paid employment and attend their fortnightly job review. The Youth Contract proposes to create 250,000 more of these workfare placements over three years.

The work programme is also a compulsory scheme that young job seekers will be forced to take part in. The scheme is run by ‘prime providers’ (mostly private companies such as Serco and A4e) who have complete control over the process and are totally unaccountable.

This “freedom” for service providers to do what they want with the young job seeker is called a ‘black box’ approach. The DWP’s concern for the freedom for service providers stands in complete contrast to the absolute disregard to the freedom and autonomy of the job seeker, who is forced to take on unpaid work placements or else face sanctions.

There is also the threat of four weeks of mandatory work activity if they reject a subsidised job offer. As with the work experience programme, the young person may be given an unpaid work placement in which they are doing the same, and perhaps more, work as paid employees.

However, under the work programme, the young person may have to work for up to six months. The youth contract seeks to boost the work programme through offering 160,000 wage subsidies worth up to £2,275 each for employers who recruit a young person through this scheme.

This sum of money is in effect a subsidy to the private prime providers who the government are already paying significant sums to get young people into a job. And no doubt, before the employer recruits the young person, the young person will have already provided them with free labour.

Workfare is not going unchallenged.

Boycott Workfare is a fast growing nationwide campaign organised by unemployed people, anti-cuts campaigners, charity workers, trade unionists, and other concerned citizens to take action on those companies profiting from workfare, encourage organisations to boycott it, and ensure that people know their rights.

We have called for a nationwide day of action on March 3rd against high street stores which take on workfare labour and to call for welfare rights and living wages for all. This action call out has been taken up all over the UK with actions being planned in more than 20 cities and towns and many more joining on a daily basis.

Indeed, such is the momentum of the campaign, that one may wonder if the government will even be able to implement the Youth Contract this coming April. Nick Clegg declared that the youth contract will ‘provide hope’ to the young jobless, but hope is not found stacking supermarkets for free for months on end.

Join us and take action, before we all find ourselves working for free.

See also:

Workfare versus compulsory work: When is it right and wrong to mandate labour?Richard Exell, February 24th 2012

The information you need to end workfareAlex Hern, February 22nd 2012

Chris Grayling should respond to criticism of workfare, not smear the criticsIzzy Koksal, February 21st 2012

Tesco’s unpaid labour shows the flaw at the heart of workfareAlex Hern, February 16th 2012

Five reasons Clegg can’t stand on his social mobility recordAlex Hern, January 12th 2012

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72 Responses to “The government’s got big plans for workfare – don’t expect them to back down easily”

  1. Stop_Workfare

    Morning RT: The government’s got big plans for workfare – don’t expect them to back down easily, writes @IzzyKoksal:

  2. Donna Marie Cox

    Left Foot Forward – thought you might like this @BenCooper86

  3. Ben Cooper

    Thanks! RT @donnamariecox19: Left Foot Forward – thought you might like this @BenCooper86

  4. Rob Henthorn

    @boycottworkfare here's an excellent article on how the youth contract is just a disguise for more workfare!

  5. Vaerk

    I piani contro del governo inglese per cambiare il workfare di Blair, specialmente tra i #giovani

  6. It wos the Sun wot couldn't do maths: Prioritising benefit frauds when tax fraud is 10x worse | Left Foot Forward

    […] also: • The government’s got big plans for workfare – don’t expect them to back down easily – Izzy Koksal, February 27th […]

  7. Izzy Koksal

    The govs got big plans for workfare Work experience is not the end of #workfare – check out the Work Programme

  8. Work experience is now voluntary, but the government still forces unpaid work | Left Foot Forward

    […] The government’s got big plans for workfare – don’t expect them to back down easily – Izzy Koksal, February 27th […]

  9. voynich

    Morning RT: The government’s got big plans for workfare – don’t expect them to back down easily, writes @IzzyKoksal:

  10. voynich

    RT @leftfootfwd: The government’s got big plans for workfare – don’t expect them to back down easily

  11. A4e's fall from grace has been in the pipeline for two years | Left Foot Forward

    […] The government’s got big plans for workfare – don’t expect them to back down easily – Izzy Koksal, February 27th […]

  12. rewards for failure

    Policy exchange November 2011

    “However, one limitation of the black box, in comparison to an employment zone model, is that providers have no incentive to run programmes which deter people from claiming in the first place. Given that workfare advocates argue that its main effect is to deter claims, workfare-based approaches are never likely to be adopted within the black box model of the Work Programme.

    Work Programme providers are also currently unlikely to employ workfare schemes because by law they are only allowed to put in place schemes that are “beneficial for an individual’s journey back to work”, which means that schemes such as workfare (whose prime impact is to act as a strong deterrent to staying on benefits when work is available) may not be applicable; and that they may not view them as cost effective. Furthermore, given that the UK has historically not had workfare, private providers might feel they were taking too much of a political risk by experimenting with the approach.”

    Just shows how little the right wing think tanks actually understand about the front line delivery of public services?

  13. TapselteerieO

    On the youth contract, read @IzzyKoksal’s report on the government’s big plans for #workfare: #BBCqt

  14. Izzy Koksal

    On the youth contract, read @IzzyKoksal’s report on the government’s big plans for #workfare: #BBCqt

  15. BoycottWorkfare

    On the youth contract, read @IzzyKoksal’s report on the government’s big plans for #workfare: #BBCqt

  16. Purls 'n' Politics

    On the youth contract, read @IzzyKoksal’s report on the government’s big plans for #workfare: #BBCqt

  17. Innerwisdom

    On the youth contract, read @IzzyKoksal’s report on the government’s big plans for #workfare: #BBCqt

  18. Joel Carter

    Is the youth contact just #workfare rebranded?

  19. Breaking down the Youth Contract | Left Foot Forward

    […] See also: • The government’s got big plans for workfare – don’t expect them to back down easily 27 Feb […]

  20. Chris Grove

    @MrHarryCole Are these the same people who campaigned so hard against workfare not so long ago? #unpaidhypocrisy

  21. Chris Grove

    ‘ They are starting to demonize the old for taking pensions at 61 and 65. people are perfectly fit to work much later now. Men only used to get a year or so, and women about 10 years after work before they dies. now people can live 20 or 30 years. How long before there are gas chambers?

    Hateful government of disgusting people who will never have to live in any of the conditions that they bring in for the rest of us.’

    Do you have any idea how stupid that sounds? You’ve hit the nail on the head, people are living longer and able to work longer so of course you’re going to have to do so. Where do you think the money will come from for a nice cosy 20 year retirement, unless you save for it yourself. If you haven’t you can’t just rely on the state to bail you out, the country doesn’t have the money for a start. If people live longer then pensions need to be fixed and retirement age rises, it’s called simple maths. Speak to any pensions professional or even use a pensions calculator to work it out for yourself, this fantasy of a long state funded retirement is exactly that, the fact your grandparents were provided for in the past better is because you rightly pointed out, they died quicker.

  22. After Jubileegate: Five reasons why the Work Programme gets it wrong | Left Foot Forward

    […] The government’s got big plans for workfare 27 Feb […]

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