David Cameron has said Britain is prepared to send a “sizeable amount” of troops in support of French forces battling Islamist militias in Mali.
In a phone call on Sunday night, the prime minister told French President François Hollande that Britain was “keen” to provide further military assistance to the operation, with Downing Street sources suggesting Britain could dispatch 200 troops immediately if requested.
Amongst the options under consideration, The Guardian reports, are:
• Forming part of an EU military training mission in Mali.
The British contribution to this would be in the “tens”, according to Downing Street.
• Training troops from the Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas) in neighbouring countries for possible operations on Mali.
This is likely to be the main focus of Britain’s contribution because Ecowas members include many countries with strong links to Britain. British troops could be used to train Nigerian forces.
• Providing “force protection” for the trainers.
This would be armed protection but would not amount to a combat role.
The news of greater British involvement in Mali comes as a donor conference on how to fund the intervention opens in Ethiopia, as DW.de reports:
Regional and international leaders have gathered in Addis Ababa, seeking to finance the military mission in Mali. French troops are currently leading the line, but an African intervention force [AFISMA] is planned…
The conference hopes to raise hundreds of millions of dollars to support the African-led International Support Mission to Mali (AFISMA) – a currently underfunded joint project run by the regional Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)…
Many major donors cut off funds to the country in March last year, when the Malian military orchestrated a coup in Bamako. This coup, labeled a response to insufficient government efforts to fight Mali’s civil war by its leaders, ultimately helped the various rebel factions cement their hold on the north of the country.
On Monday, the African Union pledged $50 million to support the AFISMA force, with ECOWAS pledging $10 million as a group to be followed by further contributions from individual countries; Japan, meanwhile, has pledged an extra $120 million to stabilise the Sahel region, and Germany is to pledge $20 million, with the IMF providing an $18.4 million emergency loan to Mali.
• Africa, Asia and the Americas: The world in 2013 – January 5th, 2013